Difference between revisions of "OSIS Book Abbreviations"

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|<ref>Appears in Cod. Sinaiticus, Hierosolymitanus; Included in Cod. Claromontanus</ref>
|<ref>Appears in Cod. Sinaiticus, Hierosolymitanus; Included in Cod. Claromontanus</ref>
|<strike>LBA</strike><ref>This collides with the adopted code for EpBar</ref>

Latest revision as of 02:11, 3 September 2012


What follows is a list of abbreviations for books of the Bible, for use with OSIS and Sword as standard book IDs. The basis for most of these works is the SBL Handbook of Style[1]. The intent of this list is to provide abbreviations for all texts considered by any extant Jewish or Christian sect to be a part of the Bible and for all texts included within significant historical works considered Bibles. Texts that are essentially sectarian in nature are not included in this list, though a work with recognized antiquity separate from the community that currently uses it may be included in this list even if only one sect currently recognizes it as biblical. Historical canon lists are also not considered authoritative for the purposes of this list. For the purposes of this list, historical works considered Bibles includes works of which there are numerous copies, such as the Vulgate or LXX, as well as important manuscripts, such as Codex Sinaiticus. While the SBL Handbook of Style provides most of the data included here, there are some ambiguities and omissions in its presentation. Ambiguities are clarified here primarily on the assumption that first mention is primary and preferential. Omissions are filled in by following practices illustrated in abbreviation of other books included by the SBL Handbook of Style and by reference to abbreviations in use by other parties. The decisions about what books should be considered canonical were made largely on the basis of Hans Peter Rüger's "The Extent of the Old Testament Canon"[2], Paul Harvey's table of canons[3], Wikipedia's article on Biblical canon[4], and similar canon lists.

To the extent possible, Paratext abbreviations have been given for each book, based in large part on BFBS' data[5]. However, many of the Paratext abbreviations given here are rare, deprecated, considered obsolete, or not formally standardized.

The sections marked with *, consisting of the Old & New Testaments, Apocrypha, and additional texts found in Rahlfs' LXX and the Vulgate, are the most common texts and those most likely to be encountered in documents, especially documents produced within Western church traditions. Books marked with a † are absent from the SBL Handbook of Style, so their abbreviations are synthesized.

Exhaustive though this document attempts to be, there are inevitably omissions which may be addressed in future versions. Lists of IDs for other, extra-biblical, books (pseudepigrapha, NT apocrypha, etc.) may be found elsewhere and may serve as an additional resource for Bibles with books not included here.


osisID Book Name Alternate Names Paratext Abbreviation
Old Testament* (39)
Gen Genesis GEN
Exod Exodus EXO
Lev Leviticus LEV
Num Numbers NUM
Deut Deuteronomy DEU
Josh Joshua JOS
Judg Judges JDG
Ruth Ruth RUT
1Sam 1 Samuel 1SA
2Sam 2 Samuel 2SA
1Kgs 1 Kings 1KI
2Kgs 2 Kings 2KI
1Chr 1 Chronicles 1CH
2Chr 2 Chronicles 2CH
Ezra Ezra EZR
Neh Nehemiah NEH
Esth Esther[6] EST
Job Job JOB
Ps Psalms PSA
Prov Proverbs PRO
Eccl Ecclesiastes Qohelet ECC
Song Song of Solomon Canticle of Canticles SNG
Isa Isaiah ISA
Jer Jeremiah JER
Lam Lamentations LAM
Ezek Ezekiel EZK
Dan Daniel DAN
Hos Hosea HOS
Joel Joel JOL
Amos Amos AMO
Obad Obadiah OBA
Jonah Jonah JON
Mic Micah MIC
Nah Nahum NAM
Hab Habakkuk HAB
Zeph Zephaniah ZEP
Hag Haggai HAG
Zech Zechariah ZEC
Mal Malachi MAL
New Testament* (27)
Matt Matthew MAT
Mark Mark MRK
Luke Luke LUK
John John JHN
Acts Acts ACT
Rom Romans ROM
1Cor 1 Corinthians 1CO
2Cor 2 Corinthians 2CO
Gal Galatians GAL
Eph Ephesians EPH
Phil Philippians PHP
Col Colossians COL
1Thess 1 Thessalonians 1TH
2Thess 2 Thessalonians 2TH
1Tim 1 Timothy 1TI
2Tim 2 Timothy 2TI
Titus Titus TIT
Phlm Philemon PHM
Heb Hebrews HEB
Jas James JAS
1Pet 1 Peter 1PE
2Pet 2 Peter 2PE
1John 1 John 1JN
2John 2 John 2JN
3John 3 John 3JN
Jude Jude JUD
Rev Revelation REV
Apocrypha/Deuterocanon* (22)
Tob Tobit TOB
Jdt Judith JDT
EsthGr Greek Esther † ESG
AddEsth Additions to Esther ADE
Wis Wisdom Wisdom of Solomon WIS
SirP Sirach Prologue †
Sir Sirach Ecclesiasticus SIR
Bar Baruch BAR
EpJer Letter of Jeremiah [7] LJE
DanGr Greek Daniel † DAG
AddDan Additions to Daniel
PrAzar Prayer of Azariah Song of the Three Children S3Y
Sus Susanna SUS
Bel Bel and the Dragon BEL
1Macc 1 Maccabees 1MA
2Macc 2 Maccabees 2MA
3Macc 3 Maccabees 3MA
4Macc 4 Maccabees 4MA
PrMan Prayer of Manasseh [8] MAN
1Esd 1 Esdras 1ES
2Esd 2 Esdras [9] 2ES
AddPs Psalm 151 † [10] PS2
Rahlfs' LXX* (2)
Odes Odes † ODA
PssSol Psalms of Solomon PSS
Rahlfs' variant books* (6)
JoshA Joshua A † [11] JSA
JudgB Judges B † [12] JDB
TobS Tobit S † [13] TBS
SusTh Susanna θ † [14] SST
DanTh Daniel θ † [15] DNT
BelTh Bel and the Dragon θ † [16] BLT
Vulgate & other later Latin mss* (6)
EpLao Epistle to the Laodiceans LAO
5Ezra 5 Ezra [17] 5EZ
4Ezra 4 Ezra Ezra Apocalypse[18] EZA
6Ezra 6 Ezra [19] 6EZ
PrSol Prayer of Solomon † [20] PSO
PrJer Prayer of Jeremiah † PJE
Ethiopian Orthodox Canon/Ge'ez Translation Additions[21] (7)
1En 1 Enoch Ethiopic (Apocalypse of) Enoch ENO
Jub Jubilees JUB
4Bar 4 Baruch Paraleipomena Jeremiou 4BA
1Meq 1 Meqabyan † 1MQ
2Meq 2 Meqabyan † 2MQ
3Meq 3 Meqabyan † 3MQ
Rep Reproof † Tegsas/Tegsats/Taagsas[22] REP
AddJer Additions to Jeremiah Rest of Jeremiah[23]
PsJos Pseudo-Josephus † Jossipon; Joseph ben Gorion's Medieval History of the Jews[24]
Armenian Orthodox Canon Additions (7/19)
EpCorPaul Epistle of the Corinthians to Paul † COP
3Cor 3 Corinthians 3CO
WSir Words of Sirach † WSI
PrEuth Prayer of Euthalius † EUT
DormJohn Dormition of John † DOJ
JosAsen Joseph and Asenath [25]
T12Patr Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (composed of:) [26]
T12Patr.TAsh Testament of Asher
T12Patr.TBenj Testament of Benjamin
T12Patr.TDan Testament of Dan
T12Patr.TGad Testament of Gad
T12Patr.TIss Testament of Issachar
T12Patr.TJos Testament of Joseph
T12Patr.TJud Testament of Judah
T12Patr.TLevi Testament of Levi
T12Patr.TNaph Testament of Naphtali
T12Patr.TReu Testament of Reuben
T12Patr.TSim Testament of Simeon
T12Patr.TZeb Testament of Zebulun
Peshitta/Syriac Orthodox Canon (4)
2Bar 2 Baruch (Syriac) Apocalypse of Baruch 2BA
EpBar Letter of Baruch † [27] LBA
5ApocSyrPss Additional Syriac Psalms 5 Apocryphal Syriac Psalms PS3
JosephusJWvi Josephus' Jewish War VI † [28][29]
Apostolic Fathers (19/22)
1Clem 1 Clement [30] 1CL
2Clem 2 Clement [31] 2CL
IgnEph Ignatius to the Ephesians
IgnMagn Ignatius to the Magnesians
IgnTrall Ignatius to the Trallians
IgnRom Ignatius to the Romans
IgnPhld Ignatius to the Philadelphians
IgnSmyrn Ignatius to the Smyrnaeans
IgnPol Ignatius to Polycarp
PolPhil Polycarp to the Philippians
MartPol Martyrdom of Polycarp
Did Didache [32] DID
Barn Barnabas [33] LBA[34]
Herm Shepherd of Hermas (comprised of:) [35] SHE
Herm.Mand Shepherd of Hermas, Mandates
Herm.Sim Shepherd of Hermas, Similitudes
Herm.Vis Shepherd of Hermas, Visions
Diogn Diognetus
AposCreed Apostles' Creed †
PapFrag Fragments of Papias †
RelElders Reliques of the Elders †
QuadFrag Fragment of Quadratus †
Other (2)
TatDiat Diatessaron Tatian's Diatessaron/Tatian[36]
PsMet Metrical Psalms † [37] PSB


  1. Alexander, Patrick H. et al., eds., The SBL Handbook of Style: for Ancient Near Eastern, Biblical, and early Christian studies, (Peabody: Hendrickson, 1999), 74-84.
  2. Rüger, Hans Peter. "The Extent of the Old Testament Canon," in The Apocrypha in Ecumenical Perspective (ed. Siegfired Meurer; Reading: United Bible Societies, 1991), 151-60.
  3. Harvey, Paul. A Table of Canons of the Bible. http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/history/tab.can.txt.
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_canon
  5. Rees, Neil. Analysis of canonical issues in Paratext. British & Foreign Bible Society. http://lc.bfbs.org.uk/e107_files/downloads/canonicalissuesinparatext.pdf
  6. In the case of the book of Esther, the same abbreviation, "Esth", should be used for both versions from the Hebrew tradition and from the longer Greek text.
  7. (= Bar.6)
  8. (= Odes.14)
  9. This is the Latin Esdras which goes by various other names, consisting of 4Ezra, 5Ezra, and 6Ezra. Do not use this ID to refer to the LXX book that consists of Ezra and Neh.
  10. Because it ends in a number, the standard SBL abbreviation Ps151 is not a legal as a book name in Sword. Accordingly, AddPs is used in its stead, within Sword.
  11. Joshua from Cod. Alexandrinus (vs. Vaticanus)
  12. Judges from Cod. Vaticanus (vs. Alexandrinus)
  13. Tobit from Cod. Sinaiticus (vs. Vaticanus & Alexandrinus)
  14. Susanna from Theodotion (vs. LXX)
  15. Daniel from Theodotion (vs. LXX)
  16. Bel and the Dragon from Theodotion (vs. LXX)
  17. (= Bible.NRSVA:2Esd.1-2Esd.2)
  18. (= Bible.NRSVA:2Esd.3-2Esd.14)
  19. (= Bible.NRSVA:2Esd.15-2Esd.16)
  20. (= Sir.52)
  21. These additions focus on the Narrower Canon of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church; its Wider Canon adds, besides the books listed here, 8 books to its New Testament only for the purpose of having an 81-book canon and are not included in any actual printed "Bibles". This list is based largely on: Mikre-Sellassie, G. A. 1993. "The Bible and Its Canon in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church." TBT 44/1:111-123. [1]
  22. (= Prov.25-Prov.31)
  23. (= EpBar, 4Bar)
  24. Part of the narrower canon, according to Fetha Nägäst, p. 15: http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/biography/01thelawofkings.pdf
  25. Appears in 1269 Erznka Bible, others
  26. Appears in 1666 Oskan Bible, others(?)
  27. (= 2Bar.78-2Bar.86)
  28. SBL gives Josephus J.W. as the abbreviation for Jewish War. The addition of vi is to signify that this is only the 6th book of the Jewish War.
  29. Appears in Antonio Ceriani's Translatio Syra Peshitto and other editions, where it is identified as 5 Maccabees. SBL identifies 5 Maccabees as a different work, in Arabic.
  30. Appears in Cod. Vaticanus, Hierosolymitanus
  31. Appears in Cod. Vaticanus, Hierosolymitanus
  32. Appears in Cod. Hierosolymitanus
  33. Appears in Cod. Sinaiticus, Hierosolymitanus; Included in Cod. Claromontanus
  34. This collides with the adopted code for EpBar
  35. Appears in Cod. Sinaiticus; Included in Muratonian Fragment (worthiness affirmed but canonicity denied), Cod. Claromontanus
  36. Appears in Cod. Fuldensis; Latin language gospel harmony
  37. Alternate book of Psalms in poetic form