OSIS Book Abbreviations

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What follows is a list of abbreviations for books of the Bible, for use with OSIS as standard book IDs. The basis for most of these works is the SBL Handbook of Style[1]. The intent of this list is to provide abbreviations for all texts considered by any extant Jewish or Christian sect to be a part of the Bible and for all texts included within significant historical works considered Bibles. Texts that are essentially sectarian in nature are not be included in this list, though a work with recognized antiquity separate from the community that currently uses it may be included in this list even if only one sect currently recognizes it as biblical. For the purposes of this list, historical works considered Bibles includes works of which there are numerous copies, such as the Vulgate or LXX, as well as important manuscripts, such as Codex Sinaiticus. While the SBL Handbook of Style provides most of the data included here, there are some ambiguities and omissions in its presentation. Ambiguities are clarified here primarily on the assumption that first mention is primary and preferrential. Omissions are filled in by following practices illustrated in abbreviation of other books included by the SBL Handbook of Style and by reference to abbreviations in use by other parties. The decisions about what books should be considered canonical were made largely on the basis of Hans Peter Rüger's "The Extent of the Old Testament Canon"[2].

The sections marked with a *, consisting of the Old & New Testaments, Apocrypha, and additional texts found in Rahlfs' LXX and the Vulgate, are the most common texts and those most likely to be encountered in documents, especially documents produced within Western church traditions. Books marked with a † are absent from the SBL Handbook of Style, so their abbreviations are synthesized.

Exhaustive though this document attempts to be, there are inevitably omissions which may be addressed in future versions. Lists of IDs for other, extra-biblical, books (pseudepigrapha, NT apocrypha, Apostolic Fathers, etc.) may be found elsewhere and may serve as an additional resource for Bibles with books not included here.


osisID Book Name Alternate Names Paratext Abbreviation
Old Testament* (39)
Gen Genesis GEN
Exod Exodus EXO
Lev Leviticus LEV
Num Numbers NUM
Deut Deuteronomy DEU
Josh Joshua JOS
Judg Judges JDG
Ruth Ruth RUT
1Sam 1 Samuel 1SA
2Sam 2 Samuel 2SA
1Kgs 1 Kings 1KI
2Kgs 2 Kings 2KI
1Chr 1 Chronicles 1CH
2Chr 2 Chronicles 2CH
Ezra Ezra EZR
Neh Nehemiah NEH
Esth Esther[3] EST
Job Job JOB
Ps Psalms PSA
Prov Proverbs PRO
Eccl Ecclesiastes Qohelet ECC
Song Song of Solomon Canticle of Canticles SNG
Isa Isaiah ISA
Jer Jeremiah JER
Lam Lamentations LAM
Ezek Ezekiel EZK
Dan Daniel DAN
Hos Hosea HOS
Joel Joel JOL
Amos Amos AMO
Obad Obadiah OBA
Jonah Jonah JON
Mic Micah MIC
Nah Nahum NAM
Hab Habakkuk HAB
Zeph Zephaniah ZEP
Hag Haggai HAG
Zech Zechariah ZEC
Mal Malachi MAL
New Testament* (27)
Matt Matthew MAT
Mark Mark MRK
Luke Luke LUK
John John JHN
Acts Acts ACT
Rom Romans ROM
1Cor 1 Corinthians 1CO
2Cor 2 Corinthians 2CO
Gal Galatians GAL
Eph Ephesians EPH
Phil Philippians PHP
Col Colossians COL
1Thess 1 Thessalonians 1TH
2Thess 2 Thessalonians 2TH
1Tim 1 Timothy 1TI
2Tim 2 Timothy 2TI
Titus Titus TIT
Phlm Philemon PHM
Heb Hebrews HEB
Jas James JAS
1Pet 1 Peter 1PE
2Pet 2 Peter 2PE
1John 1 John 1JN
2John 2 John 2JN
3John 3 John 3JN
Jude Jude JUD
Rev Revelation REV
Apocrypha* (18)
Tob Tobit TOB
Jdt Judith JDT
EsthGr* Greek Esther ESG
AddEsth Additions to Esther ADE
Wis Wisdom Wisdom of Solomon WIS
SirP* Sirach Prologue
Sir Sirach Ecclesiasticus SIR
Bar Baruch BAR
EpJer Letter of Jeremiah (= Bar.6) LJE
DanGr* Greek Daniel DAG
AddDan Additions to Daniel
PrAzar Prayer of Azariah Song of the Three Children S3Y
Sus Susanna SUS
Bel Bel and the Dragon BEL
1Macc 1 Maccabees 1MA
2Macc 2 Maccabees 2MA
3Macc 3 Maccabees 3MA
4Macc 4 Maccabees 4MA
PrMan Prayer of Manasseh (= Odes.14) MAN
1Esd 1 Esdras 1ES
2Esd 2 Esdras 2ES
Ps151 AddPs Psalm 151 PS2
Rahlfs' LXX* (2)
Odes Odes † ODA
PssSol Psalms of Solomon PSS
Rahlfs' variant books
JoshA Joshua A Joshua from Cod. Alexandrinus (vs. Vaticanus) JSA
JudgB Judges B Judges from Cod. Vaticanus (vs. Alexandrinus) JDB
TobS Tobit S Tobit from Cod. Sinaiticus (vs. Vaticanus & Alexandrinus) TBS
SusTh Susanna Th Susanna from Theodotion (vs. LXX) SST
DanTh Daniel Th Daniel from Theodotion (vs. LXX) DNT
BelTh Bel and the Dragon Th Bel and the Dragon from Theodotion (vs. LXX) BLT
Vulgate & other later Latin mss* (4)
EpLao Epistle to the Laodiceans LAO
5Ezra 5 Ezra (= Bible.NRSVA:2Esd.1-2Esd.2) 5EZ
4Ezra 4 Ezra (= Bible.NRSVA:2Esd.3-2Esd.14) EZA
6Ezra 6 Ezra (= Bible.NRSVA:2Esd.15-2Esd.16) 6EZ
PrSol Prayer of Solomon PSO
PrJer Prayer of Jeremiah PJE
Ethiopian Orthodox Canon/Ge'ez Translation Additions[4] (6)
1En 1 Enoch Ethiopic (Apocalypse of) Enoch ENO
Jub Jubilees JUB
4Bar 4 Baruch Paraleipomena Jeremiou 4BA
AscenIsa Ascension of Isaiah (= MartAscenIsa.6-MartAscenIsa.11) Vision of Isaiah
PsJos Pseudo-Josephus † Jossipon; Josephu ben Gorion Medieval History of the Jews
1Meq 1 Meqabyan 1MQ
2Meq 2 Meqabyan 2MQ
3Meq 3 Meqabyan 3MQ
Rep Reproof Tegsas/Tegsats/Taagsas (= Prov.25-Prov.31) REP
Coptic Orthodox Canon Additions (3)
AposCon Apostolic Constitutions and Canons
1Clem 1 Clement 1CL
2Clem 2 Clement 2CL
Armenian Orthodox Canon Additions (4/16)
3Cor 3 Corinthians 3CO
EpCorPaul Epistle of the Corinthians to Paul and His Response † COP
WSir Words of Sirach WSI
PrEuth Prayer of Euthalius EUT
DormJohn Dormition of John DOJ
JosAsen Joseph and Asenath
T12Patr Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (composed of:)
T12Patr.TAsh Testaments of Asher
T12Patr.TBenj Testaments of Benjamin
T12Patr.TDan Testaments of Dan
T12Patr.TGad Testaments of Gad
T12Patr.TIss Testaments of Issachar
T12Patr.TJos Testaments of Joseph
T12Patr.TJud Testaments of Judah
T12Patr.TLevi Testaments of Levi
T12Patr.TNaph Testaments of Naphtali
T12Patr.TReu Testaments of Reuben
T12Patr.TSim Testaments of Simeon
T12Patr.TZeb Testaments of Zebulun
Peshitta (3)
2Bar 2 Baruch (Syriac) Apocalypse of Baruch 2BA
EpBar Letter of Baruch (= 2Bar.78-2Bar.86) † LBA
5ApocSyrPss Additional Syriac Psalms PS3
Codex Sinaiticus (2/5)
Barn Barnabas LBA
Herm Shepherd of Hermas (comprised of:) SHE
Herm.Mand Shepherd of Hermas, Mandates
Herm.Sim Shepherd of Hermas, Similitudes
Herm.Vis Shepherd of Hermas, Visions


  1. Alexander, Patrick H. et al., eds., The SBL Handbook of Style: for Ancient Near Eastern, Biblical, and early Christian studies, (Peabody: Hendrickson, 1999), 74-84.
  2. Rüger, Hans Peter. "The Extent of the Old Testament Canon," in The Apocrypha in Ecumenical Perspective (ed. Siegfired Meurer; Reading: United Bible Societies, 1991), 151-60.
  3. In the case of the book of Esther, the same abbreviation, "Esth", should be used for both versions from the Hebrew tradition and from the longer Greek text.
  4. These additions focus on the Narrower Canon of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church; its Wider Canon adds, besides the books listed here, 8 books to its New Testament only for the purpose of having an 81-book canon and are not included in any actual printed "Bibles". This list is based largely on: Mikre-Sellassie, G. A. 1993. "The Bible and Its Canon in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church." TBT 44/1:111-123. [1]