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Feel free to edit this page to practice your Wiki skills. You might also consider clicking on your name at the top (if you've already created an account and logged in) to edit your personal pages. It's a good place to practice and might develop into something useful.

Please note, we don't look at this page to answer questions. If you want help please see our Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and if that does not help then Contact Us.



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Getting Started Compiling and Installing SWORD from Source

Aims

This page is intended to help anyone who needs to get started obtaining and compiling the latest SWORD source code, and installing and testing it on their machine, on a Linux (or possibly other Unix-like) operating system.

Introduction

There are four main steps involved:

  • Install necessary software packages
  • Download the SWORD source code
  • Compile and install SWORD
  • Test your new SWORD installation is working

All of these can be scripted for a specific Linux distribution, and some sample scripts to use will be provided later on this page.

Becoming root (using sudo)

In order to install software (including installing SWORD itself), you will need to be able to temporarily "become" root.

Most Linux (and free *BSD) distributions include a tool called sudo than can do this very conveniently, once set up, without having to enter a root password. On some Linux distributions (including Ubuntu) this is already set up for you during the installation process. On others, you will need to

  • Become root some other way (log in as root, or use su, and type in the root password when prompted for it).
  • Ue the command
    visudo
    to edit the sudo configuration file.
  • Add a line
    yourusername ALL=(ALL) ALL
    to the file, save the change and and exit your text editor.
After that, you should be able to type
sudo id
to run the (harmless) command id as root. sudo will prompt you for your own password, but if it is used more than once within a short period, will "remember" that you have already provided it and not ask for it again. This is very convenient.

Install necessary software packages

Starting from a default fairly minimal Linux installation, you need to add a C++ compiler and several other libraries and tools to your system so that you can correctly compile SWORD. The command to do this varies between different Linux distributions. A few examples follow:

Fedora, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS
sudo yum install <list of packages>
Debian, Ubuntu, Mint
sudo apt-get install <list of packages>
Mandriva
sudo urpmi <list of packages>

These tools will automatically install additional dependent packges, so the ones you request will work.

Package names vary too, but you will generally need:

  • subversion (a tool for obtaining the latest SWORD source code, see below)
  • the GNU C++ compiler, often in a package named g++ or gcc-c++
  • make
  • libtool
  • icu
  • zlib-devel (sometimes named zlib1g-dev)
  • clucene-core-devel (sometimes named libclucene-dev)
  • libicu-devel (sometimes named libicu-dev)
  • libcurl-devel (named libcurl4-gnutls-dev on Debian-derived systems)

These will generally automatically "pull in" other necessary packages such as binutils, automake and autoconf as dependencies.

Download the SWORD source code

The single command
svn https://crosswire.org/sword/svn/trunk sword
will download the current development code of SWORD, into a directory called sword. If it asks you about the SSL key, type p (for permanent, so it remembers the key) and press Enterm and it will continue. Once the command finishes, you should be able to do
cd sword
and look at all the source code you just downloaded.

Compile and install SWORD

You can read the INSTALL file for the details, but if all is well, after cd sword (so you are inside the SWORD source code directory) you can do
./autogen.sh && ./usrinst.sh && make
to configure and compile SWORD.

If this fails, make sure you have all the necessary packages installed on your system, and after that, ask for help in the Crosswire forums at http://crosswire.org/forums/ .

To install SWORD,After successfully compiling SWORD, you can do
sudo make install && sudo make install_config
to install SWORD and a default configuration file on your machine.

Test your new SWORD installation

As a very basic test, you can download and install the KJV SWORD "module" and then check that the command line bible reader diatheke can read a verse from it. The commands to do this (using the usual bash shell) are:


export SWORD_PATH=~/.sword
mkdir -p $SWORD_PATH/mods.d

echo yes |installmgr -init
echo yes |installmgr -sc
echo yes |installmgr -r CrossWire
echo yes |installmgr -ri CrossWire KJV
installmgr -l
diatheke -b KJV -k Jn 3:16

If that displays a bunch of text and then something very similar to:

John 3:16: 
For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, 
that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

(KJV)

you have successfully installed a basically working SWORD library and its utilities onto your machine.