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Getting Started Compiling and Installing SWORD from Source
This page is intended to help anyone who needs to get started obtaining and compiling the latest SWORD source code, and installing and testing it on their machine, on a Linux (or possibly other Unix-like) operating system.
There are four main steps involved:
- Install necessary software packages
- Download the SWORD source code
- Compile and install SWORD
- Test your new SWORD installation is working
All of these can be scripted for a specific Linux distribution, and some sample scripts to use will be provided later on this page.
Becoming root (using sudo)
In order to install software (including installing SWORD itself), you will need to be able to temporarily "become" root.
Most Linux (and free *BSD) distributions include a tool called sudo than can do this very conveniently, once set up, without having to enter a root password. On some Linux distributions (including Ubuntu) this is already set up for you during the installation process. On others, you will need to
- Become root some other way (log in as root, or use su, and type in the root password when prompted for it).
- Ue the command
visudoto edit the sudo configuration file.
- Add a line
yourusername ALL=(ALL) ALLto the file, save the change and and exit your text editor.
sudo idto run the (harmless) command id as root. sudo will prompt you for your own password, but if it is used more than once within a short period, will "remember" that you have already provided it and not ask for it again. This is very convenient.
Install necessary software packages
Starting from a default fairly minimal Linux installation, you need to add a C++ compiler and several other libraries and tools to your system so that you can correctly compile SWORD. The command to do this varies between different Linux distributions. A few examples follow:
- Fedora, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS
- sudo yum install <list of packages>
- Debian, Ubuntu, Mint
- sudo apt-get install <list of packages>
- sudo urpmi <list of packages>
These tools will automatically install additional dependent packges, so the ones you request will work.
Package names vary too, but you will generally need:
- subversion (a tool for obtaining the latest SWORD source code, see below)
- the GNU C++ compiler, often in a package named g++ or gcc-c++
- zlib-devel (sometimes named zlib1g-dev)
- clucene-core-devel (sometimes named libclucene-dev)
- libicu-devel (sometimes named libicu-dev)
- libcurl-devel (named libcurl4-gnutls-dev on Debian-derived systems)
These will generally automatically "pull in" other necessary packages such as binutils, automake and autoconf as dependencies.